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Atlas of the Human Planet 2017 – how exposed are we to natural hazards?

Πέμ, 25/05/2017 - 09:38

One out of three people in the world is exposed to earthquakes, a number which almost doubled in the past 40 years. Around 1 billion in 155 countries are exposed to floods and 414 million live near one of the 220 most dangerous volcanoes. The 2017 edition of the JRC Atlas of the Human Planet looks at the exposure of people and built-up areas to the six major natural hazards, and its evolution over the last 40 years. The atlas will be presented during the 2017 Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction meeting in Cancun, Mexico.

Latest figures on ICT sector worldwide and its R&D investment

Τρί, 16/05/2017 - 00:22

The latest edition of the JRC Prospective Insights in ICT R&D (PREDICT) report is now available. It provides the most complete and extensive analysis available of the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) industries including their expenditure on research and development (R&D) in Europe and beyond, spanning from 1995 to the most recent year for which official statistics are available.

Commission's new data sheds light on EU migration dynamics

Πέμ, 11/05/2017 - 15:31

The European Commission's Knowledge Centre on Migration and Demography (KCMD) has expanded the datasets within its Dynamic Data Hub to cover migration flows, stocks and residence permits and time series of selected demographic and socio-economic data such as population growth, GDP, labour force and other World Development Indicators.

Expanding the scope of the tool geographically and thematically, the new data help understand migration in a wider context and unleash the potential for the cross-disciplinary analysis of the drivers behind migration.

Scientific guidance to help prevent and mitigate chemical accidents

Τρί, 02/05/2017 - 09:27

A handbook published by the JRC supports EU Member States and third countries in their decisions to reduce the impacts of major industrial accidents. It provides common reference scenarios for authorities to assess the risks associated with industrial sites where dangerous substances are present, taking into account their proximity to residential areas, transport infrastructure or other public spaces.

A new biota reference material to support Member States in better-applying water protection policy

Παρ, 07/04/2017 - 11:14

The JRC produced a fish reference material certified for its content of two priority substances, hexachlorobenzene and hexacachlorobutadiene. A novel approach for the processing of the fish material was taken by producing a homogenous and stable reference material in the form of a wet paste to mimic a realistic fish sample.

The pathway from liver injury to liver fibrosis

Τρί, 04/04/2017 - 14:26

JRC scientists have used an Adverse Outcome Pathway approach to explain how some chemicals can potentially cause liver fibrosis in humans in order to support the development of non-animal approaches to chemical safety assessment.

New global report on food crisis offers benchmark for action needed to avoid future disasters

Δευ, 03/04/2017 - 12:01

Despite international efforts to address food insecurity, around 108 million people in the world were severely food insecure in 2016, a dramatic increase compared with 80 million in 2015, according to a new global report on food crises released in Brussels on 31 March 2017.

Towards updated EU environmental standards for waste treatment

Δευ, 03/04/2017 - 12:00

After 3 years of intense work, the review of the EU environment standards for waste treatment is reaching an end. The Final stakeholders' experts meeting took place in Seville on 19-23 March 2017.

Calculating the potential impacts of Ecological Focus Areas on biodiversity and ecosystem services

Δευ, 03/04/2017 - 11:59

A new JRC Technical Report explores the potential impact of the implementation of Ecological Focus Areas (EFAs) on the environment.

An Ecological Focus Area (EFA) is an area of land subjected to agricultural practices that are beneficial for the climate and the environment. According to the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), farmers with more than 15 ha of arable land must ensure that at least 5% of this land is an EFA. This obligation was introduced as part of the CAP reform in 2013 to safeguard and improve biodiversity on farms.

Nanomaterials or non- nanomaterials

Πέμ, 30/03/2017 - 11:56

The JRC contributed to the development of a low cost and highly efficient screening strategy to implement the European Commission's Recommendation for a definition of nanomaterials.

Pitfalls identified for analysis of MCPD esters and glycidyl esters in food

Τετ, 29/03/2017 - 10:53

JRC scientists investigated critical steps in the indirect gas chromatographic mass spectrometric determination of fatty acid esters of monochloropropanediols (MCPDEs) and of glycidol (GEs) in various food products including edible oils and fats.

How are nanomaterials regulated in the EU?

Τετ, 29/03/2017 - 10:52

JRC scientists reviewed the legislation of nanomaterials in the EU and identified key needs for better implementation thereof including safety assessment. Today, nanomaterials can be found in almost any industrial sector including consumer products.

Challenges to the extraction of heavy metals from sewage sludge

Τετ, 29/03/2017 - 10:51

JRC scientists compared different techniques for the extraction of heavy metals from sewage sludge, the latter being a potential risk to the environment. This work was related to the development of a new sewage sludge certified reference material.

Demonstrating the reliability of calibration standards

Τετ, 29/03/2017 - 10:51

In close collaboration with the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), JRC scientists assessed the reliability of different calibration standards for neutron activation analysis. The study compared a newly released certified reference material (CRM) with five other (existing ones) to demonstrate that all give equivalent results.

A novel approach for the detection of genetically modified soybean crops

Τετ, 29/03/2017 - 10:50

In close collaboration with JRC scientists, a network of German food safety authorities developed a novel method able to efficiently detect six different genetically modified soybean lines that were known, until now, to be difficult to monitor.

EU scientists see the forest for the trees (EU-Forest)

Τετ, 22/03/2017 - 09:46

The JRC has recently released a high-resolution tree occurrence dataset for Europe. The EU-Forest dataset is the most comprehensive database ever of forest resources at the EU level, comprising over half a million tree occurrences and over 200 different tree species. It improves our understanding of the rapidly changing forested areas of Europe and changes over time of the kinds of trees that make them up.

Increase in extreme sea levels could endanger European coastal communities

Τετ, 15/03/2017 - 12:04

Massive coastal flooding in northern Europe that now occurs once every century could happen every year if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, according to a new study.

New projections considering changes in sea level rise, tides, waves and storm surge over the 21st century find global warming could cause extreme sea levels to increase significantly along Europe’s coasts by 2100. Extreme sea levels are the maximum levels of the sea that occur during a major storm and produce massive flooding.

Nudging consumers into making better purchases online

Τρί, 14/03/2017 - 12:04

Small changes in the website design of online shops could significantly reduce the risk of incompatible purchases by customers, concludes a recent JRC study published on 10 March in PLOS ONE. Warning messages appealing to the customer's emotions and information provided at check-out were the most effective methods of avoiding disappointment.

JRC support on regional innovation funding expanded to all EU Member States

Πέμ, 09/03/2017 - 12:58

The Stairway to Excellence Project now supports regions and stakeholders from all EU member states, enabling them to use synergies and make the most of the European Structural and Investment Funds and Horizon 2020, the EU’s research and innovation programme.

The roll-out of the Stairway to Excellence project to the entire European Union was discussed today at a conference in Brussels. The initiative is run by the Joint Research Centre and the Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Policy on behalf of the European Parliament.

Supporting rare diseases data sharing at the EU level for more effective patient care

Τετ, 01/03/2017 - 11:07

28 February is the Rare Disease Day, meant to raise awareness about rare diseases. The JRC, together with the Commission’s Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety (DG SANTE), is developing the European Platform on Rare Diseases Registration (EU RD Platform) to combine data on rare diseases, scattered across over 600 patients registries in the EU. The platform will facilitate data sharing for the benefits of patients and healthcare providers enabling the publication of EU-wide comparable statistics.
Between 27 and 36 million people are affected by rare diseases in the EU

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